Alongside the importance of the place where it is located, the region of Golegã held one of the largest wealth: fertile ground: The fame of their land drew many people to you, as big farmers and horse breeders. From earliest times come allusions to the region, the Quinta da Cardiga which in 1169 was given by Alfonso I the order of the Temple, clearing and logging and cultivation. From century to century was the same being donated to other orders, and from the nineteenth century, bought by several large farmers. Already in the eighteenth century, and the support given by the Marquis of Pombal, the fair began to take an important competitive nature, is performing various equestrian competitions and races competitions. The best horse breeders focused then in Golegã. In the nineteenth century, based on the land value of the area, the Golegã again had great importance for which contributed the figures of two large farmers and statesmen: Carlos Relvas, a nobleman from the Royal House, a close friend of the King, Commander, farmer, artist, owner of several farms and two palaces (where several times hosted the royal family), and Jose Relvas his son immensely attached to the republican cause, finance minister and also a great artist. In the mid-eighteenth century, it had its start Golegã Fair called until 1972 Fair St. Martin, the date from which changed its name to National Horse Fair. It is the National Horse Fair the most important and most Castiça of all fairs of its kind taking place in Portugal and worldwide. It presents all breeders, with its beautiful specimens, which is why, if you are trading in Golegã, the best thoroughbred, created in the country, which are sold to many parts of the world. Golegã long that became the capital of the horse. The day of St. Martin, which was fair, She has the most beautiful and unique public equestrian show which is held free level between us. Ralies, Raids, Equestrian Games, World Championships, Carriages Marathon Views are some of the most beautiful shows that take place in Golegã in his presentation of the most beautiful animal in the world that is the horse. And to complement party justifying the popular adage that "At St. Martin Wine tasting," there are plenty of water-walking and always apetecidas roasted chestnuts.
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